Bursitis is a chronic, painful condition that affects the small sacs that cushion your bones, tendons, and muscles at major joints. When these sacs, which are also called bursae, become inflamed, this condition is called bursitis. The inflammation occurs most frequently in large joints such as your shoulder, elbow, and hip. It is also common in the knee, heel and big toe. Repetitive movements are strongly associated with the development of bursitis. To discover more information about bursitis treatment, an orthopedic surgeon from the Sea Spine Orthopedic Institute offers an overview of this condition.
Symptoms of Bursitis
When you have bursitis, the affected joint could feel achy or stiff. You may notice that it is swollen and reddish in appearance. The joint is likely to hurt more when you push on it or move it. As the condition progresses, your symptoms could worsen. You could develop disabling joint pain, bruising or a rash over the affected joint or a sharp or shooting pain when you exercise. If you develop excessive swelling, a fever or pain that makes it very difficult to move, there could be an infection in your joint. An infection requires prompt treatment by an orthopedic surgeon.
Causes of Bursitis
The leading cause of bursitis is repetitive motions that irritate the sacs around the joint. Some examples of repetitive motions include doing manual labor that involves lifting your arms above your head or throwing a baseball for an hour every day. Leaning on your elbows, sitting for a long time or spending a lot of time kneeling can also lead to bursitis. Some other factors put you at an increased risk of bursitis. These factors include having a traumatic injury to the joint, developing inflammatory arthritis or getting an infection in the joint.
Tests and Diagnosis for Bursitis
An orthopedic surgeon at the Sea Spine Orthopedic Institute is often able to diagnose bursitis based on your medical history and a physical exam. In some cases, the doctor may order additional tests for you. Those tests could include imaging studies such as X-rays, which could diagnose worn cartilage or a fracture. An ultrasound or MRI may also be done in order to rule out other conditions that could be the cause of your joint pain. Certain lab tests are also helpful with diagnosing the cause of joint inflammation. Your doctor may take a sample of the fluid from the bursae or order blood tests to learn more about your condition.
At-home Care for Bursitis Symptoms
Rest, ice, elevation, and compression of the joint may reduce your symptoms. Your orthopedist may also recommend a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory pain reliever, such as ibuprofen. Vary your movement and take breaks during repetitive tasks. Try to avoid leaning or sitting in one position for a long amount of time.
Orthopedic Options for Bursitis Treatment
Orthopedic doctors may offer a corticosteroid injection to reduce inflammation in the affected joint. You may also be outfitted with a cane, brace or sling to support your joint. In some cases, surgery is needed. The goal of surgery is to drain the fluid and deliver antibiotics to eliminate any infection present within the joint.
Contact our orthopedic doctors today to obtain bursitis treatment.